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器官移植受供体法律问题研究

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器官移植受供体法律问题研究(论文12000字)
中文摘要
人体器官移植作为一项拯救生命的医疗手段,是一把双刃剑。一方面,其挽救人类生命,造福于人类;另一方面,人体器官移植的发展给法学领域和伦理领域带来了极大的挑战。医学的进步需要法律的护航,然而与同时期的发达国家相比,我国有关人体器官移植的立法起步晚,相关立法相对滞后。尤其涉及到受供体的条文规定相对较少,若是作为人体器官移植的主体的相关权利都无法得到保障,这无疑会阻碍该项医疗手段的发展。为此,本文通过对一则案例的分析及对现行有关人体器官移植受供体法律的探讨研究,为完善我国人体器官移植受供体法律制度作出建议,以期对相关问题的解决有所裨益,让人体器官移植在的两难中寻求平衡。
关键词:器官捐献,器官移植,受供体,保障
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ABSTRACT
As a life-saving medical treatment, organ transplant is a double-edged sword.On one hand, organ transplant saves thousands of peoples’ lives, which is of benefit to mankind.On the other hand, the development of organ transplant brings great challenges to legal and ethical fields.Advances in medical science requires the escort of the law, nevertheless, compared with the developed countries in the same period, the legislation of organ transplantation in China is outdated, and moreover, relevant legislation is also relatively lagging behind.What is worse is that there are relatively few provisions concerning the donor of organ transplant in existing laws.Supposing that the donor, the principal of organ transplantation,their rights in organ transplant surgery are not guaranteed by current laws.It will undoubtedly become an obstacle to developing medical treatment. As a consequence, this article is through analyzing a case and studying the existing laws on organ transplant and make some suggestions to improve China's legislation concerning organ transplant recipients,so as to be helpful to solve the relevant problems and find a balance between morality and law. [毕业老版太子报论文网 www.xmsyz.com]
KEYWORDS:organ donation, organ transplant, the donor, protection

目录
中文摘要??? I
ABSTRACT??? II
目录??? III
前言??? 1
一、由一则案例引发对器官移植受供体法律问题的思考??? 2
二、 我国器官移植受供体立法现状及局限性??? 2
(一) 立法现状??? 2
(二) 现行立法局限性??? 3
三、 规范器官移植受供体的理论探讨??? 4
(一) 有关供体的理论探讨??? 4
(二) 有关受体的理论探讨??? 8
四、 我国有关器官移植受供体立法的完善??? 9
(一) 供体撤销权和物质保障的限制??? 9
(二) 适当扩大受、供体范围??? 10
(三) 建立奖励机制和专项医疗保障金等资助项目??? 11
(四) 构建统一的器官分配制度??? 12
参考文献??? 13 [毕业老版太子报论文网 www.xmsyz.com]

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